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Thread: Lest We Forget: November 14, 1944

  1. #11

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    November 23, 1944 - Thanksgiving Day

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 722: In Germany, 134 of 155 B-17s and 73 of 78 P-51s make a GH attack on the Norstern benzol manufacturing plant near Gelsenkirchen and the marshalling yard at Duisburg with the loss of 1 P-51 (pilot MIA) and 1 P-51 damaged beyond repair; 13 of 13 B-17s fly a screening mission and 10 of 12 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): HQ 42d Bombardment Wing (Medium) moves from Borgo, Corsica to Dijon, France (ALG Y-9).

    Ninth Air Force: Unfavorable weather cancels all flights.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-28-2019 at 07:16 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  2. #12

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    November 24, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    Weather cancels all operations except for 3 XIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional) fighters which fly a night intruder mission in Saarbrucken, Zweibrucken, and Homburg/Saar areas of Germany.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-26-2019 at 06:18 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  3. #13

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    November 25, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 723: 1,043 bombers and 965 fighters are dispatched to hit the synthetic oil plant at Merseburg, Germany using H2X and a marshalling yard; 8 bombers and 6 fighters are lost:

    1. 671 of 766 hit the Leuna oil plant at Merseburg and 9 hit targets of opportunity; 8 B-17s are lost, 4 damaged beyond repair and 197 damaged; 7 airmen are KIA, 5 WIA and 64 MIA. Escort is 716 of 800 P-51s; they claim 9-0-8 aircraft on the ground; 6 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair.

    2. 254 of 271 B-24s hit the Bingen marshalling yard; 43 B-24s are damaged; 1 airman is WIA. Escort is 129 of 130 P-47s.

    Mission 724: 7 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    The 36th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), VIII Fighter Command starts daily operations as a screening force for the bombardment divisions; it is assigned the task of protecting the Eighth's primary VHF and fighter-to-bomber communications from interception during assembly; the increase of flak batteries around German military and industrial installations soon compels the 36th to increase radar countermeasures on each mission; the 36th remains on this assignment until the end of war in Europe

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, the 9th Bombardment Division hits an ordnance arsenal at Landau, road junctions, and an ammunition dump at Neustadt and Kaiserslautern; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division and Eighth AF, fly armed reconnaissance and support ground forces east of Aachen and between Merzig and Sarreguemines, France.

    The 356th Fighter Squadron 354th Fighter Group, moves from Orconte, France (ALG A-66) to Rosieres-en-Haye, France (ALG A-98) with P-47s.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-28-2019 at 07:21 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  4. #14

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    November 26, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 725: 1,137 bombers and 732 fighters are dispatched to make attacks on rail viaducts, marshalling yards and oil installations in western Germany; all but 1 attack is with radar; about 550 Luftwaffe fighters intercept and 34 bombers and 9 fighters are lost; the AAF claims 133-14-42 aircraft:

    1. 406 B-17s are sent to hit an oil refinery at Misburg (243) and a rail viaduct at Altenbekin (118); 19 hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at Osnabruck; 3 others hit a target of opportunity; they claim 4-6-7 aircraft; 10 B-17s are lost, 4 damaged beyond repair and 160 damaged; 4 airmen are KIA, 6 WIA and 93 MIA. Escorting are 292 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 67-2-11 aircraft; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 2 damaged beyond repair.

    2. 350 B-24s are sent to hit the Schidesche rail viaduct at Bielefeld (240) and the Misburg oil refinery (57); targets of opportunity are Hannover marshalling yard (26) and other (1); they claim 12-5-4 aircraft; 21 B-24s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 53 damaged; 15 airmen are KIA, 6 WIA and 196 MIA. Escorting are 208 P-47s and P-1s; they claim 42-0-18 aircraft; 2 P-47s and 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

    3. 381 B-17s are sent to hit the marshalling yard at Hamm (266); other marshalling yards hit are at Gutersloh (37), Bielefeld (36), Herford (24) plus 3 hit other targets; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 86 damaged; 1 airman is WIA and 27 MIA. Escorting are 132 of 138 P-51s; they claim 3-0-1 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).

    4. 36 of 36 P-51s fly a scouting mission; they claim 5-1-2 aircraft without loss.

    Mission 726: 8 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets on France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, 173 B-26s and A-20s bomb supply, storage, stores, and ordnance depots at Gaulsheim, Bergzabern, Giessen, Reichenbach, and Homburg/Saar; fighters fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance over western Germany, search for a lost A-20, escort 9th Bombardment Division, and support the US 29th Infantry Division at Bourheim and the XX and XII Corps in the area of the Maginot Line and German-French border.

    The 390th and 391st Fighter Squadrons, 366th Fighter Group, move from Couvron Airfield at Laon, France (ALG A-70) to Asch, Belgium (ALG Y-29) with P-47s.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-28-2019 at 07:05 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  5. #15

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    November 27, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 727: 530 bombers and 770 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks on marshalling yards in Germany and fighter-bomber strikes on 4 oil centers in northern and central Germany; they claim 102-4-12 aircraft; 15 fighters are lost:

    1. 148 of 190 B-17s hit the Bingen marshalling yard; 2 others hit targets of opportunity; 46 bombers are damaged; 2 airmen are WIA. Escorting are 91 of 95 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).

    2. 181 of 186 B-17s hit the Offenburg marshalling yard; 1 hits Freiburg; 14 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is WIA. Escorting are 105 of 107 P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost (pilot MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair.

    3. 144 of 154 B-24s hit the Offenburg marshalling yard; 7 others hit targets of opportunity; 9 B-24s are damaged. Escorting are 45 of 48 P-51s without loss.

    4. 460 P-47s and P-51s fly fighter-bomber missions against oil targets in northern and central Germany; about 750 Luftwaffe fighters, the largest sighting to date, attack in the Magdeburg-Munster-Hannover areas when the Germans mistake the fighters for a heavy bomber formation; the AAF claims 98-4-11 aircraft in the air and 4-0-1 on the ground; 2 P-47s and 10 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    Weather forbids bomber missions; fighters patrol over western Germany, dive-bomb a bridge at Rurdorf, and support the US 104th, 8th, and 1st Infantry Divisions near Hurtgen and in the Weisweiler-Franz area, and the XIX Corps (mainly the 2d Armored Division) at Merzenhausen, Germany

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    352nd History The next few missions were relatively quiet, but on 27 November German fighters again challenged the 352nd FG. A further 18 Bf 109s were claimed destroyed (and one damaged) in the ensuing dogfight, with the 487th FS leading the way with 15 victories. The squadron diary summed the battle up well; ‘On 27 November the Me 109s came up with a vengeance to bounce our boys, but when they bounced back to Göring, 16 of them were missing, being on our victory board instead.’ Capt Walter Starck downed three, Capts Bill Whisner and Ralph Hamilton each scored doubles, and single victories were credited to Lt Col Meyer, Majs Bill Halton and Earl Duncan and Lts Sanford Moats, Karl Dittmer, Henry Stewart, Alden Rigby, Dean Huston and Ray Littge. The unit did not emerge from the dogfight unscathed, however, with newlycrowned ace Walter Starck (on what was supposed to be his 107th, and last, mission of his tour) being forced to bail out when the tail section of his third victim separated and struck his P-51D. The oil and coolant lines ruptured and the fighter’s engine quickly overheated and burst into flames. Starck was soon captured, as was his squadronmate Capt Walter Smith, who took to his parachute when the wing sheared off of his P-51 near Münster whilst diving after an enemy fighter. The remaining victories of the day were credited to Lts Arthur Hudson and Charles Cesky of the 328th FS, the solitary kill for the latter pilot giving him ace status. After the battle had ended, a handful of men from the 328th went down to strafe targets of opportunity, and it was then that Lt Hudson was shot down and killed while strafing a German airfield at Aulendorf.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 01-12-2020 at 01:05 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  6. #16

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    November 28, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 728: 6 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets on the Netherlands and Germany during the night. The 845th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 489th Bombardment Group (Heavy), departs Halesworth, England for the US; the squadron will transition to B-29s in 1945.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, the 9th Bombardment Division hits the defended villages of Birgel and Merken, a rail bridge at Sinzig, and a Billiger Forest ammunition dump; fighters fly escort, night intruder missions, and armed reconnaissance in the Kall-Trier area, and support the US 1st, 8th, and 104th Infantry Divisions as they take Langerwehe, Jungersdorf, Hurtgen, and the bridge at Inden

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-28-2019 at 05:21 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  7. #17

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    November 29, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 729: 1,077 bombers and 946 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks on viaduct rail targets and oil refineries in Germany; 1 bomber is lost:

    1. 445 B-17s are sent to hit the oil refinery at Misburg (391); targets of opportunity are Osnabruck (36) and others (5); 6 B-17s are damaged. Escorting are 419 P-47s and P-51s without loss.

    2. 307 B-24s are sent to hit the Schildesche rail viaduct at Bielefeld (152) and the Altenbeken rail viaduct (144); 2 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-24 is lost and 9 damaged; 10 airmen are MIA. Escorting are 261 P-47s and P-51s without loss.

    3. 312 B-17s are sent to hit the Hamm marshalling yard (294); 4 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 87 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA. Escorting are 112 of 120 P-51s without loss.

    4. 12 of 13 B-17s fly a screen mission and hit a target of opportunity. Escorting are 26 of 32 P-47s without loss.

    5. 31 of 34 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    Mission 730: 6 B-17s and 7 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    HQ 489th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 844th, 846th and 847th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) depart Halesworth, England for the US; this B-24 group will become a B-29s outfit that is destined for the Pacific.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, 301 B-26s and A-20s hit defended areas, barracks, and military depots at Wittlich, Mariaweiler, Pier, Eisdorf, Limburg, Rastatt, and Landau; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division and Eighth AF, fly armed reconnaissance over western Germany, and support the 104th Infantry Division in a holding action against counterattacks at Inden and Lammersdorf the 8th Infantry Division at Hurtgen, and the 7th Armored Division in the XIII Corps drive toward the Roer.

    HQ 10th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance) and teh 31st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron with F-5s moves from Robinson Airfield (ALG A-64), St-Dizier, France to Doncourt Airfield (ALG A-94), Conflans and Jarny, France respectfully.



    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-28-2019 at 05:36 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  8. #18

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    November 30, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 731: 1,281 bombers and 972 fighters are dispatched to hit synthetic oil plants in southeast Germany and rail targets; intense accurate flak downs 29 bombers and 3 fighters are lost:

    1. 451 B-17s are sent to hit the Zeitz (132) and Bohlen (68) oil plants; 116 hit the secondary, the Leuna oil plant at Merseburg; targets of opportunity are Gotha (22), Gera (17), Rudolstadt (17), Fulda (12), Saalfeld (12), Ohrdruf (10), Meerane (6) and other (9); 11 B-17s are lost, 4 damaged beyond repair and 287 damaged; 8 airmen are KIA, 16 WIA and 100 MIA. Escorting are 357 of 384 P-51s; they claim 4-0-0 aircraft in the air; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

    2. 539 B-17s are sent to hit the Leuna oil plant at Merseburg (301) and the Lutzkendorf (169) oil plant; targets of opportunity are Zeitz oil plant (19), Weissenfels (9) and other (12); 17 B-17s are lost, 6 damaged beyond repair and 325 damaged; 17 airmen are KIA, 42 WIA and 295 MIA. Escorting are 452 P-47s and P-51s; 2 P-51s are damaged beyond repair.

    3. 291 B-24s are sent to hit marshalling yards at Neunkirchen (180) and Homburg (104). Escorting are 56 of 60 P-47s; 1 P-47 is lost (pilot MIA).

    4. 30 of 33 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    Mission 732: 7 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): The 415th Night Fighter Squadron, 64th Fighter Wing, moves from Longvic (ALG Y-9) to Ochey (ALG A-96), France with Beaufighters.

    Ninth Air Force:

    In Germany, 288 B-26s and A-20s attack the defended villages of Vettweiss, Stockheim, Erp, and Pirmasens, an armored vehicle repair center at Gemund, a rail tunnel, a military camp at Malsbenden, and a marshalling yard at Zweibrucken; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division, give area support to Eighth AF heavy bombers at Leipzig, fly sweeps, dive bombing missions, and reconnaissance over western Germany, and support elements of the US VII Corps in the Hurtgen area (especially the 104th Infantry Division at Lammersdorf and Inden).

    The 12th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), moves from St Dizier, France (ALG A-64) to Giraumont, France with F-6s.


    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    352nd History Combat operations for November were closed out with an escort mission to Böhlen on the last day of the month. Nearing Chemnitz, 10+ Bf 109s were spotted as they attempted to attack the bombers. The 486th FS, led by Lt Col Willie O Jackson, broke up the attack and shot down three of the Messerschmitts during the brief engagement. The Bf 109s were destroyed by Jackson and Lts Earl Lazear and Charles Griffiths. This single kill made ‘Willie O’ an ace. November 1944 had been one of the 352nd FG’s most successful months of the war. Its pilots had downed 80 aircraft in aerial combat and claimed many more probably destroyed or damaged in only 16 missions.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 01-12-2020 at 01:06 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  9. #19

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    December 1, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 733: 7 B-17s and 7 B-24s drop leaflet in the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, 134 B-26s and A-20s strike defended areas at Fraulautern, Ensdorf, and Saarlautern; fighters fly sweeps, armed reconnaissance, and bombing missions over western Germany and support US VII Corps elements at Inden and the Hurtgen Forest and the 8th Infantry Division of the V Corps at Tiefenbach Creek and Brandenberger Forest.

    In France, HQ 354th Fighter Group and the 355th Fighter Squadron move from Orconte, France (ALG A-66) to Meurthe-et-Moselle and Rosieres-en-Haye, France (ALG A-98) respectively with P-47s (the 355th is operating from St Dizier, France); the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), moves from St Dizier, France (ALG A-64) to Giraumont with F-6s; the 72d Liaison Squadron, Ninth AF, moves from Epinal to Buhl with L-5s.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  10. #20

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    December 2, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 734: 455 bombers and 604 fighters make GH attacks on marshalling yards and fighter bomber attacks; they claim 34-3-7 Luftwaffe aircraft; 11 bombers and 4 fighters are lost:

    1. 135 of 143 B-24s hit the Bingen marshalling yard; 1 others hit a target of opportunity; they claim 2-1-1 aircraft; 11 B-24s are lost and 4 damaged; 2 airmen are WIA and 102 MIA. Escorting are 97 of 104 P-51s; they claim 4-1-2 aircraft without loss.

    2. 152 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Lutzel marshalling yard at Koblenz (9) and the Oberlahnstein marshalling yard (125); 6 others hit targets of opportunity; no losses. Escorting are 158 of 169 P-51s; they claim 6-0-0 aircraft without loss.

    3. 160 B-17s are dispatched to Koblenz but abort the mission due to heavy clouds. Escorting are 153 of 156 P-51s; they claim 7-0-0 aircraft without loss.

    4. 133 P-47s and P-51s fly fighter sweeps over the Cologne, Kassel, Meiningen, Mannheim and Frankfurt area; they claim 15-1-4 aircraft; 3 P-47s and 1 P-51 are lost (pilots MIA) and 2 P-51s are damaged beyond repair.

    5. 28 of 30 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    Mission 735: 7 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, 210 A-20s, A-26s, and B-26s bomb areas of Saarlautern, Ensdorf, and Fraulautern; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division, fly armed reconnaissance over western Germany (targets hit include a marshalling yard and bridges), and support the US 1st Infantry Division at Luchem, 104th Infantry Division at Inden, and 8th Infantry Division in the Brandenberger Forest-Tiefenbach Creek area.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

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