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Thread: Lest We Forget: November 14, 1944

  1. #31

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    December 13, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, 250 A-20s, A-26s, and B-26s hit a supply dump at Schleiden, plus defended positions in several villages and marshalling yard at Euskirchen; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division, fly night bombing missions, attack targets in the Cologne area, and support the XX Corps in the Dillengen-Saarlautern bridgehead area, and the XII Corps in the Habkirchen-Bliesbruck area along the Blies River.

    The 158th Liaison Squadron, Ninth AF, arrives at Nantwich, England from the US with L-1s and L-4s.


    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  2. #32

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    December 14, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    Bad weather grounds the bombers.

    In Germany, fighters fly armed reconnaissance, hit rail targets and bridges, and support the US 2d and 99th Infantry Divisions in the Monschau Forest, the 8th Infantry Division in the Bergstein area, the 78th Infantry Division in the Simmerath-Resternich area, and the XII and XX Corps around Habkirchen and Saarlautern.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  3. #33

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    December 15, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 750: 674 B-17s and 434 fighters are dispatched to attack rail targets and an armored car factory in Germany using H2X; 1 bomber and 2 fighters are lost:

    1. 318 of 334 B-17s hit the marshalling yard and tank factories at Kassel; 5 others hit targets of opportunity; 6 B-17s are damaged beyond repair and 11 damaged; 25 airmen are KIA and 1 WIA. Escorting are 268 of 296 P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair.

    2. 327 of 340 B-17s bomb the marshalling yard at Hannover and 6 hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost and 7 damaged. Escorting are 241 P-47s and P-51s without loss.

    3. 19 of 24 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    Mission 751: 2 of 3 B-17s drop leaflets in France and Germany during the night.

    SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCES (SHAEF): Major Alton Glenn Miller, s/n 0505273, Director of the USAAF band, boards a UC-64A for a flight to Paris. Miller's big band was one of the most popular prior to WWII; he enlisted in the AAF in 1942 and formed a band to entertain the troops in the ETO. Miller is on his way to Paris to make arrangements for a Christmas Show; he and the Flight Officer pilot takeoff, disappear in low cloud and are never seen again.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 300+ A-20s, A-26s, and B-26s hit defended positions, camp area, and oil storage at Heimbach, Wollseifen, Harperscheid, Schonau, Ruthen, and Dorsel; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division, hit supply and ammunition dumps and other targets during bombing attacks and armed reconnaissance, and support the US 2d and 99th Infantry Divisions in the area of Westwall fortifications, the 78th Infantry Division at Kesternich, and the 8th Infantry and 5th Armored Divisions north of Kesternich; fighters support the XX and XII Corps in the Dillingen-Saarlautern area and at Habkirchen and heights along the Blies River.


    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 12-05-2019 at 10:48 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  4. #34

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    December 16, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 752: 236 B-17s are dispatched to attack rail targets at Stuttgart, Germany but extremely poor weather conditions result in many aborts; primary targets are the marshalling yard at Stuttgart (81) and Bietingheim (33); 1 other B-17 hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17s is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 9 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA and 9 MIA. Escorting are 106 of 114 P-51s without loss. 10 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    Bad weather cancels 9th Bombardment Division combat operations.

    In Germany, fighters escort RAF aircraft, fly night patrol and intercept missions, and support US First Army elements in the Ardennes in Belgium as Field Marshall Gerd von Rundstedt begins an allout counteroffensive, and the XII and XX Corps at Saarlautern the bridgehead and in Saint-Avold-Saarbrucken area where news of the Ardennes Counteroffensive cancels the XII Corps plans for an assault on the Westwall.

    HQ IX Air Defense Command moves from Versailles to Paris, France.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    352nd History The severe winter snow storms that had seriously hampered Allied ground and aerial operations in western Europe were exactly what Hitler and his generals were praying for. Under the cover of the weather, Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt was massing thousands of troops in preparation for his counter-attack in the Ardennes Forest

    0400, 16 December: Infantry in 5th Panzer Army sector begins infiltration past Schnee Eifel.
    0430, 16 December: Operation Herbstnebel (Autumn Mist) begins with opening barrages against forward US positions in Ardennes.
    0700, 16 December: German preparatory artillery ends.
    0700–0800: Infantry begins advancing.
    Afternoon, 16 December: Major General Robertson begins moving 2nd Infantry units back towards Krinkelt to reinforce flank. 3rd Fallschirmjäger Division takes Lanzerath; Krewinkel–Losheim Gap open.
    Afternoon–Evening, 16 December: Major General Middleton commits CCB/9th Armored Division to 106th Division; Lieutenant General Omar Bradley allots 7th Armored Division to VIII Corps; Eisenhower agrees to shift XVIII Airborne Corps to Ardennes.
    Evening, 16 December: After 277th Volksgrenadier Division fails to penetrate Krinkelt woods, Gruppenführer Hermann Preiss orders 12th SS-Panzer Division Hitlerjugend to commit armor to make breakthrough.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 01-12-2020 at 01:07 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  5. #35

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    December 17, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 753: 3 B-17s and 7 B-24s are dispatched to drop leaflets on France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    The 859th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 492d Bombardment Group (Heavy) is detached to Italy and begins a movement to Brindisi today.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, weather prevents bomber operations; 1,000+ fighters fly armed reconnaissance, defensive patrols, and attacks on bridges and gun positions; the IX and XIX Tactical Air Commands also support ground forces (8th, 28th, 78th, 99th, and 106th Infantry Divisions, 5th Armored Division, and V, VII, VIII, XII, and XX Corps) against the Counteroffensive in the Ardennes and in a battle to hold the Saarlautern, Germany bridgehead.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    352nd History On 17 December 1944 his troops smashed through Allied lines in Belgium and Luxembourg, and urgent requests went out from embattled GIs on the ground for close air support. However, weather conditions in the Ardennes area nullified aerial operations. Knowing that air support, for the moment at least, was unavailable, Gen Eisenhower consulted with his generals, and approved George Patton’s plan for stopping the German assault. Patton turned his Third Army around and marched 125 miles in two days to assist in the defence of Bastogne.

    0330, 17 December: Kampfgruppe (KG) Peiper begins drive at Buchholz.
    0900, 17 December: 106th Division encircled as 18th Volksgrenadier Division reaches Schönberg.
    1500, 17 December: 12th Volksgrenadier Division finally takes Losheimergraben.
    1500, 17 December: Massacre of US POWs by KG Peiper at Baugnez crossroads.
    1800, 17 December: KG Peiper halts on approaches to Stavelot.
    2400, 17 December: 12th Volksgrenadier Division takes Mürringen.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 01-12-2020 at 01:08 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  6. #36

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    December 18, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 754: 985 bombers and 773 fighters are dispatched to hit
    communication and tactical targets in Germany using PFF; 4 fighters are lost:

    1. Extensive cloud formations force the recall of 358 B-24s without loss. Escorting are 103 of 110 P-51s.

    2. 385 B-17s are sent to hit the Kalk marshalling yard at Cologne (32); secondary targets hit are the Lutzel marshalling yard at Koblenz (102) and Kaiserslautern (74) marshalling yard; 11 hit Bonn, a last resort target; 1 B-17 is damaged. The escort is 110 of 116 P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

    3. 157 of 220 B-17s hit the marshalling yard at Mainz; 13 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost and 2 damaged beyond repair; 1 airman is MIA. Escort is provided by 150 of 162 P-51s without loss.

    4. 22 of 22 B-17s fly a screening mission.

    5. 255 P-47s and P-51s fly a fighter sweep in western Germany; they claim 3-0-0 aircraft; 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost (pilots MIA).

    6. 29 of 31 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    Mission 755: 4 B-17s and 9 B-24s are sent to drop leaflets in France, Germany and the Netherlands during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, 160+ A-26s, A-20s, and B-26s hit defended positions at Harperscheid, Hellenthal, Blumenthal, Dreiborn, and Herhahn; fighters fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance over western Germany (claiming 40+ enemy airplanes downed plus hitting numerous ground targets) and support the US 2d, 4th, 28th, and 106th Infantry Divisions west of Butgenbach and west of Trier; southeast of Clervaux, Luxembourg; and southeast of Saint-Vith, Belgium; and the XII Corps at Niedergailbach; the IX Tactical Air Command hits Panzer units spearheading the Bulge.

    In Belgium, the detachments of the 30th Photographic Reconnaissance and 107th and 109th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadrons, 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, operating from Florennes-Juzaine (ALG A-78) and Chievres (ALG A-84) with F-5s and F-6s respectively, return to base at Gosselies; the 153d Liaison Squadron, IX Tactical Air Command (attached to Twelfth Army Group), based at Spa with L-5s, begins operating from Liege (ALG A-93).

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    0700, 18 December: KG Peiper begins attack on Stavelot.
    1000, 18 December: KG Peiper passes through Stavelot by this time.
    1200, 18 December: Bridges blown at Trois Ponts, forcing KG Peiper to La Gleize.
    Afternoon, 18 December: KG Peiper reaches La Gleize, probes sent west to find route to Werbomont.
    Evening, 18 December: 12th SS-Panzer Division Hitlerjugend fails to take Krinkelt-Rocherath, Gruppenführer Preiss orders division to move west instead. Major General Robertson decides to pull back from Krinkelt-Rocherath to Elsenborn Ridge.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 01-12-2020 at 01:08 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  7. #37

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    December 19,1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 756: 328 bombers and 45 fighters are dispatched to hit tactical targets (rail and road junctions, rail and road chokepoints and railheads) in the Luxembourg and Ehrang and Koblenz, Germany area to impede the German counteroffensive launched in the Ardennes on 16 Dec using PFF:

    1. 144 of 172 B-17s hit 6 tactical targets and 24 hit the secondary target, the Koblenz marshalling yard without loss.

    2. 62 of 156 B-24s hit 2 tactical targets and 82 hit the secondary target, the Ehrang marshalling yard; 2 B-24s are damaged beyond repair; 11 airmen are KIA.

    3. The missions above are escorted by 37 of 41 P-47s; they claim 7-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft; 3 P-47s are damaged beyond repair; 1 pilot is WIA.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    All administrative sections and extra operational equipment of the XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional) are moved from Maastricht, the Netherlands to Saint-Trond, Belgium to avert transportation problems should the XXIX Tactical Air Command be subsequently forced into a hasty withdrawal.

    Weather grounds the bombers. Fighters fly armed reconnaissance in western Germany, escort RAF Lancasters, fly patrols from Belgium to the Rhine River, support the US 1st, 2d, 99th, and 106th Infantry Divisions, and 7th Armored Division (north and east of Malmedy and southeast and southwest of Saint-Vith, Belgium), and fly cover for US Twelfth Army troops and the XII Corps near Verdun and Saint-Avold, France.

    In Belgium, the 153d Liaison Squadron moves from Spa to Olne (the squadron is operating from Liege (ALG A-93) with L-5s).

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    0230, 19 December: First major attack by 12th SS-Panzer Division Hitlerjugend against 1st Infantry Division at Dom Bütgenbach crossroads.
    19 December: Eisenhower meets with senior US commanders to plan further responses to German attack.
    1200, 19 December: US troops retake control of Stavelot, cutting off KG Peiper.
    Afternoon, 19 December: CCB/7th Armored Division begins deploying near St Vith.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 12-18-2019 at 09:23 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  8. #38

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    December 20, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    The 859th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 492d Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrives at Brindisi, Italy from Harrington, England with B-24s and C-47s; the squadron is detached to the 15th Special Group (Provisional) and will fly CARPETBAGGER missions in the MTO beginning 31 Dec.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): In France, HQ 371st Fighter Group and the 404th and 406th Fighter Squadrons move from Tavaux Airfield, Dole (ALG Y-7) to Tantonville (ALG Y-1), France with P-47s.

    Ninth Air Force: Bad weather prevents all combat operations, except a night intruder mission by 2 fighters.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  9. #39

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    December 21, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): In France, the 405th Fighter Squadron, 371st Fighter Group, moves from Tavaux Airfield, Dole (ALG Y-7) to Tantonville (ALG Y-1), France with P-47s (the air echelon is operating from Dijon).

    Ninth Air Force: Operational control of the IX and XXIX Tactical Air Commands is transferred from the Ninth AF to the RAF Second Tactical AF to operate against the northern line of the Bulge. The XIX Tactical Air Command flies armed weather and intruder reconnaissance in the Saarbrucken-Trier, Germany area. Weather grounds all operations.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    21 December: 12th SS-Panzer Division Hitlerjugend abandons attacks on Dom Bütgenbach.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 12-18-2019 at 09:24 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  10. #40

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    December 22, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional):

    In France, the 404th Fighter Squadron, 371st Fighter Group, ceases operating from Dijon (ALG Y-9) with P-47s and returns to base at Tantonville (ALG Y-1), France.

    Ninth Air Force: 3 fighter groups of the IX Tactical Air Command are transferred to the XIX Tactical Air Command to concentrate air power for cooperation with the US Third Army to which the main effort against the Bulge has been assigned; the groups return to control of the IX Tactical Air Command on 25 Dec.

    Fighters fly a few strafing, weather reconnaissance, intruder patrol, and alert missions; bad weather cancels all other missions.

    In Belgium, the 153d Liaison Squadron, IX Tactical Air Command (attached to Twelfth Army Group), moves from Olne to Tongres (air echelon operating from Liege (ALG A-93) with L-5s).

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    352nd History Knowing that air support, for the moment at least, was unavailable, Gen Eisenhower consulted with his generals, and approved George Patton’s plan for stopping the German assault. Patton turned his Third Army around and marched 125 miles in two days to assist in the defence of Bastogne. As the battle on the ground was taking shape, an urgent call went out to send fighter groups to the frontlines, and on 22 December the 352nd was alerted for its move to Asch (Y-29), in Belgium. While its pilots were on an escort mission to Germany, the 352nd’s ground personnel required in Belgium were packing their equipment and loading it onto the waiting C-47s. The pilots had also stuffed as much cold weather gear into their Mustangs as possible because they would be landing at Asch when the mission was completed. By the end of the day all 352nd personnel had arrived in Belgium, and the ‘Bluenosers’ declared themselves ready to continue the war from Y-29.

    0800, 22 December: Obersturmbannführer Skorzeny’s Panzer Brigade 150 launches attack on Malmedy but fails.
    22 December: Montgomery takes command of US units in northern shoulder of the Ardennes.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 01-12-2020 at 01:08 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

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