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Thread: Lest We Forget: November 14, 1944

  1. #1

    Default Lest We Forget

    November 14, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    Weather prevents all operations except for a few fighter patrols and reconnaissance flights.

    In France, the 353d and 356th Fighter Squadrons of the 354th Fighter Group, based at Orconte, France (ALG A-66) begin operating from St Dizier, France with P-47s.

    In September 1944, the United States Army Air Forces established a temporary airfield Advanced Landing Ground, known as "A-66" near Orconte. The Ninth Air Force 354th Fighter Group flew P-51 Mustangs and P-47 Thunderbolts from the airfield from 15 September until 11 December 1944. The unit moved east with the advancing Allied armies and the airfield was dismantled with the land being returned to agricultural use. During the Liberation of France, the airfield at St Dizier, France (ALG A-64) was seized by Allied Forces during September, 1944 and taken over by the United States Army Air Force. The IX Engineer Command repaired the war-damaged base and it was designated by the Americans as Saint-Dizier Airfield or Advanced Landing Ground A-64. It was turned over to the Ninth Air Force for operational use on 9 October for fighter and reconnaissance units, as well as for command and control.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-26-2019 at 06:15 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  2. #2

    Default

    November 15, 1944

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 714: 6 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    HQ XII Tactical Air Command, along with the 71st Fighter Wing, 50th, 358th, and 371st Fighter Groups, 86th Air Depot Group, and 83d and 312th Service Groups, are assigned to the First Tactical Air Force (Provisional); when hostilities cease the First Tactical Air Force will be disbanded and all of its units will revert to the Ninth AF.

    Weather prevents bomber operations and limits fighters; the XIX Tactical Air Command flies armed reconnaissance in Merzig-Trier-Saarbrucken, Germany area and supports the XX Corps in same area.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-26-2019 at 06:15 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  3. #3

    Default

    November 16, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 715: 1,243 bombers and 282 fighters, along with Ninth AF and Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft, are dispatched to attack tactical targets East of Aachen, Germany in support of the US First and Ninth Armies' offensive; 1 fighter is lost:

    1. 486 of 495 B-17s hit transportation targets in the Duren area; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged; 1 airman is WIA. Escort is 151 of 159 P-51s; 1 is damaged beyond repair.

    2. 490 of 501 B-17s and 228 of 243 B-24s hit transportation targets in the Eschweiler area; 2 B-17s are damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 6 MIA. Escort is 98 of 107 P-51s; 1 is lost (pilot MIA) and 3 damaged beyond repair.

    3. 4 of 4 B-17s fly a screening force mission.

    4. 16 of 16 P-51s fly a scouting force mission.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    In Germany, 80 9th Bombardment Division bombers hit defended areas and strongpoints at Echtz, Luchem, and Eschweiler; IX Tactical Air Command fighter-bombers dive-bomb gun positions and other targets in the Stolberg and Hurtgen areas and XIX Tactical Air Command supports the US XX Corps in the Merzig, Trier, and Saarbrucken area; the XXIX Tactical Air Command attacks targets in 12 West German towns; the US First and Ninth Armies begin an eastward thrust (Operation QUEEN) into the German Siegfried Line hit by the IX and XXIX Tactical Air Command.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-27-2019 at 12:39 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  4. #4

    Default

    November 17, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    30 bombers of the 9th Bombardment Division hit Haguenau, France; weather prevents 100+ bombers from attacking targets; fighters escort bombers, fly patrol and armed reconnaissance over a wide area of western Germany, and support the US 104th and 4th Infantry Divisions and 2d Armored Division, east of Aachen and near Hurtgen, Germany.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-27-2019 at 06:43 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  5. #5

    Default

    November 18, 1944

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 716: 402 fighters (47 P-47s and 355 P-51s) are dispatched to strafe oil storage depots in the Hanau and Ulm areas, airfields at Leipheim and Lechfeld, and miscellaneous ground targets in Germany; 374 actually attack; about 70 Luftwaffe fighters are encountered and the AAF claims 26-2-6 in the air and 69-0-41 on the ground; 2 P-47s and 5 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 2 P-51s are damaged beyond repair.

    Mission 717: 4 B-24s and 6 B-17s drop leaflets in Belgium, the Netherlands and France during the night.

    HQ 92d Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) moves from Sudbury to Bury St Edmunds, England.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force):

    340+ bombers of the 9th Bombardment Division strike barracks areas, rail bridges, rail facilities, strongpoints, and defended positions at 13 locations in Germany; fighters escort the bombers, fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance over western Germany, and support ground forces east of Aachen, Germany and in the Sarreguemines, France area.

    In France, the 355th Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, based at Orconte, France (ALG A-66) with P-47s, begins operating from ALG A-64, St Dizier, France.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-27-2019 at 06:51 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  6. #6

    Default

    November 19, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    (Ninth Air Force): 450+ A-20s, A-26s, and B-26s bomb storage depots, bridge, junction, ordnance depots, and defended positions in or near 10 German towns and cities; fighters escort the bombers, carry out patrols, and fly armed reconnaissance hitting rail facilities and other targets over western German areas including Euskirchen,Trier, Saarbrucken, Julich, and Cologne; the IX, XIX, and XXIX Tactical Air Commands support the US VII, XII, XIX, and XX Corps areas east of Aachen and near Hurtgen, Germany, between Metz, France and Saarlautern, Germany and near Sarreguemines, France.

    In Belgium, HQ 366th Fighter Group Headquarters and Support Staff moves from Couvron Airfield (ALG A-70) at Laon, France to the newly built ALG Y-29 in Asch, Belgium

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-27-2019 at 11:27 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  7. #7

    Default

    November 20, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 718: 172 B-17s are sent to hit the Schowen Oil Plant at Gelsenkirchen, Germany (61); 93 hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at Munster, Germany; 25 B-17s are damaged. Escort is 214 P-47s and P-51s; no losses.

    Other flights:

    12 of 12 B-17s fly a screening mission.

    310 P-47s and P-51s make fighter-bomber strikes agains miscellaneous targets in western Germany; 1 P-47 and 7 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair.

    12 of 12 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    Mission 719: 6 B-17s and 7 B-24s drop leaflets on the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    [First Tactical Air Force (Provisional)]: HQ 17th Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 34th and 37th Bombardment Squadrons Medium) move from Corsica, Italy to Dijon, France (ALG Y-9) with B-26s.

    (Ninth Air Force): Bad weather prevents bomber operations; fighters fly sweeps and night patrols over broad areas of western Germany and strafe and bomb numerous railroads, trains, buildings and various military targets.

    In France, the 365th, 366th and 367th Fighter Squadrons, 358th Fighter Group, move from Mourmelon, France to Toul, France (ALG A-90) with P-47s.

    In Belgium, the 389th Fighter Squadron, 366th Fighter Group, moves from Couvron, France to Asch, Belgium (ALG Y-29) with P-47s.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-27-2019 at 07:08 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  8. #8

    Default

    November 21, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.

    Mission 720: 1,291 bombers and 954 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks using H2X on oil targets in Germany; they claim 73-7-25 Luftwaffe aircraft; 25 bombers and 15 fighters are lost:

    1. 421 B-17s are sent to hit the Leuna synthetic oil plant at Merseburg (200); targets of opportunity are Meppen (24), Friedburg (21), Hersfeld (12) and Hunfeld (12) marshalling yards, flak gun batteries at Merseburg (12), Leeuwarden Airfield (11), Apolda (10) the Autobahn at Hersfeld (10), Quakenbruck (10), and other (69); the AAF claims 1-0-1 aircraft; 14 B-17s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 205 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 16 WIA and 129 MIA. Escort is 268 of 310 P-51s; they claim 63-7-20 aircraft in the air and 3-0-2 on the ground; 9 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

    2. 402 B-17s are sent to Sterkrade, Lendorf and Hamburg but hit the secondary, the Osnarbruck marshalling yard (166) and last resort targets, i.e., Giessen marshalling yard (77), Wetzlar (62), Lingen (24), Koblenz marshalling yard (23), Bielefeld marshalling yard (9), and targets of opportunity (35); 7 B-17s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 142 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 6 WIA and 65 MIA. Escort is 382 of 420 P-51s; 4 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).

    3. 366 B-24s are sent to hit the Dpag (178) and Rhenania (171) oil plants at Hamburg; 4 B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 220 damaged; 19 airmen are KIA, 8 WIA and 89 MIA. Escort is 177 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 5-0-2 aircraft in the air and 2-0-1 on the ground; 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost (pilots MIA).

    4. 12 of 12 B-17s fly a screening mission.

    5. 31 of 33 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    Mission 721: 7 B-17s and 5 B-24s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): The 95th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 17th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Poretta, Corsica to Dijon, France (ALG Y-9) with B-26s.

    Ninth Air Force:

    In Germany, the 9th Bombardment Division hits rail bridges and defended areas at several points including Bergstein, Echtz, Sinzig, Neuwied, and Derichsweiler fighters escort the B-26s and also Eighth AF B-17s (to Merseburg), fly area cover, sweeps, and dive-bombing missions in western Germany, and support the US 1st, 8th, and 104th Infantry Divisions in the Hurtgen, Germany area and the XII and XX Corps between Merzig and Sarreguemines, France.

    The 378th Fighter Squadron, 362d Fighter Group, moves from Prosnes, France (ALG A-79) to Rouvres, France (ALG A-82) with P-47s.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map

    The Eighth Air Force paid a return visit to the petroleum facilities around Merseburg on 21 November with a force of 700 bombers and 650 fighters. As the massive attack force moved into Germany, they found a huge cloud cover between them and the target. The weather front was so bad that the German controllers thought the mission would be recalled, and therefore did not scramble their fighters until it was too late. On this mission the 352nd FG was split into A and B Groups, each with a slightly different assignment. A Group (the 328th FS), which remained with the bombers, encountered enemy aircraft just before reaching the target area. In two separate engagements over a 30-minute period, the 328th destroyed 7.5 Fw 190s and damaged several others. Meanwhile, B Group was on a freelance sweep when it encountered a formation of 50+ Fw 190s, with another large gaggle positioned as top cover, near Leipzig. The German flightpath paralleled the bombers’ withdrawal route, and it was obvious they were planning an immediate attack. The spearhead of B Group was a flight of eight Mustangs of the 487th FS, led by Lt Col J C Meyer. Realising the enemy’s intentions Meyer led his flight after them and shattered the German formation. By the time his spearhead had finished, 12 enemy aircraft had been shot out of the sky. Leading the decimation was Capt Bill Whisner with five destroyed and two probables, followed by John Meyer with three kills and Lts Karl Waldron and Nelson Jessup with two apiece. Overall, the ‘Bluenosers’ had claimed a total of 19.5 destroyed, two probables and six damaged without the loss of any of its own pilots. For his extraordinary heroism on this mission, Capt William T Whisner was awarded the DSC. His overall tally of aerial kills now stood at 9.5.
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 12-02-2019 at 05:33 PM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  9. #9

    Default

    November 22, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): The 2d and 4th Combat Bombardment Wings (Heavy) of the 3d Bombardment Division are combined to form the Administrative Bombardment Wing (Provisional); this type of unit is expected to be highly suitable for conditions in the Pacific theater where bomb division HQ might be located far from its wing HQ; under this new plan, the administrative wing can absorb many functions of the division HQ; this experiment will be judged acceptable during Feb 45.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): HQ 63d Fighter Wing moves from San Pietro Italy to Vittel, France; the 432d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 17th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Poretta, Corsica to Dijon, France (ALG Y-9) with B-26s.

    Ninth Air Force: Bomber operations are cancelled due to bad weather; fighter operations are limited. 16 aircraft from the IX and XIX Tactical Air Commands patrol over the V and VII Corps area (southeast of Aachen), the Bonn-Cologne, Germany area, and fly reconnaissance around Saarbrucken, Homburg/Saar, Neukirchen and Kaiserslautern, Germany, and Sarrebourg, France.

    In France, the 377th Fighter Squadron, 362d Fighter Group, moves from Prosnes, France (ALG A-79) to Rouvres, France (ALG A-82) with P-47s.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-27-2019 at 11:53 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

  10. #10

    Default

    November 23, 1944

    EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force):

    Mission 722: In Germany, 134 of 155 B-17s and 73 of 78 P-51s make a GH attack on the Norstern benzol manufacturing plant near Gelsenkirchen, Germany and the marshalling yard at Duisburg, Germany with the loss of 1 P-51 (pilot MIA) and 1 P-51 damaged beyond repair; 13 of 13 B-17s fly a screening mission and 10 of 12 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS

    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): HQ 42d Bombardment Wing (Medium) moves from Borgo, Corsica to Dijon, France (ALG Y-9).

    Ninth Air Force: Unfavorable weather cancels all flights.

    Locations in RED are on the Bodenplatte Map
    Last edited by 352nd Oscar; 11-27-2019 at 11:51 AM.
    "War has a grim purpose and is extremely complex. Sophisticated planning and doctrine are present at every level. Yet at the point of fire battle is the essence of chaos and violence."

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